By D. de Moulin
The 3rd Breast melanoma operating convention of the Breast melanoma Cooperative workforce of the ecu association for study on remedy of melanoma, to be held in Amsterdam on April 27-29, 1983, was once the main intent for scripting this publication. It was once felt brief overview of the most pathogenetic conceptions and healing rules that have offered themselves with reference to mammary melanoma during Western historical past, can assist to attract a extra entire photo of the place we stand this day. it's not effortless to choose which rules, even though discarded, deserve but to be remembered and which authors from the previous can be thought of to be actually consultant of the clinical weather in their age. Twenty centuries have produced an excessive amount of principles and the variety of scientific authors who complex, or rejected, or changed, or revived them, is de facto uncountable. So the historian has to make a selec tion and offerings are perforce subjective and open to feedback. In scripting this publication i attempted to refer to unique resources within the unique language up to attainable. those assets weren't continuously strictly scientific considering the fact that I aimed toward putting the matter of malignant breast illness - which would function a paradigm of melanoma often - in a a little bit wider context. For the background of medication isn't just a heritage of rules, but in addition that of individuals, of associations, of society.
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The 3rd Breast melanoma operating convention of the Breast melanoma Cooperative team of the ecu association for examine on remedy of melanoma, to be held in Amsterdam on April 27-29, 1983, used to be the primary rationale for scripting this publication. It was once felt brief evaluation of the most pathogenetic conceptions and healing rules that have provided themselves with reference to mammary melanoma during Western historical past, can assist to attract a extra entire photo of the place we stand at the present time.
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Extra resources for A Short History of Breast Cancer
That such 'sharpness' was very 'sharp' indeed was obvious from the corroding juice discharged by ulcerous cancer. 89 Le Dran reported that he had felt a burning sensation in his face for some hours, while his garment became permanently discoloured in parts after an operation during which he had been splashed by cancer juice. 97 35 A theory from the days of Sylvius held that, chemically speaking, the 'acrimony' would be acid. The Amsterdam surgeon, Anton Schrage (1765-1820), found support for this belief when he experienced a distinctly acid sensation upon placing a slice of diseased mammary tissue on his tongue.
The belief in the contagiousness of cancer persisted until well into the nineteenth century in medical and legislative minds, and even today traces of the old anxiety seem to linger amongst patients and their relatives. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, cancer patients were not, in some places, admitted to public hospitals. 68 It is possible, however, that an etching by Rembrandt represents a woman admitted to an Amsterdam hospital with a cancer of her right breast 69 (Fig. 11). As before, therapy was either conservative, prescribing diet, purges, blood letting and medicines, or surgical.
We may well ask whether operative treatment was adopted at the time on a large scale at all. The average duration of life was only 35 years, so that comparatively few women will have reached the age at which breast cancer occurs most frequently. Gripping scenes, such as those described by Ward and depicted by de Hooghe, will not particularly have encouraged women to call in medical aid as soon as they felt a lump. 28 Yet the Leyden Professor Johannes van Home (1621-70) stated that breast amputation was a common intervention in his day.