By P. G. von Mollendorff
A Manchu Grammar: with Analysed Texts
Paul Georg von Mollendorff
--Alphabet (Table) Pronunciation
--Harmony of Vowels
--Diphthongs and Triphthongs
--Word alterations and international phrases
--Nouns and Adjectives, Terminations, Plural Case Affixes
--Verbs, Derivation, Moods and Tenses, Irregularities, Negation
Manchu Texts with Translation and research
Index of Affixes and phrases
Appendix--European Literature Treating on Manchu
There is as but no grammar of the Manchu language in English. Wylie's translation of Tsing Wan Ki Mung, Shanghai, 1855, one of those Mauchu hand-book for using chinese language, although priceless and whole of curiosity, is on no account a grammar.
The normal curiosity taken in each language will, after all, be additionally prolonged to Manchu; nonetheless a number of phrases appear essential to convey the actual usefulness of its examine.
There exist in all approximately 25O works in Manchu, the vast majority of which arc translations from the chinese language. They encompass translations from the Classics, a few ancient and metaphysical works, literary essays, collections of recognized writers, novels, poetry, legislation and laws, Imperial edicts, dictionaries, word books, ere. every one of these translations are very good, yet they're all literal. finished less than the eyes of clever princes, they shape a competent expression of the which means of the chinese language textual content and feature for this reason a correct to popularity equivalent to that loved via commentaries of fine writers. Manchu being infinitely more uncomplicated to profit than chinese language, those translations are an outstanding aid in the direction of acquiring a transparent perception into chinese language syntax, and students like Stanislas Julien, who owed the awesome precision in his renderings to his wisdom of Manchu, have time and again pointed this out. In a letter addressed to Dr. Legge he alludes to the examine of Manchu as being of significant tips in translating the Classics. Dr. Legge, although, within the preface to his translation of the Shuking, said himself opposed to it. the explanations complex through this nice pupil are usually not very cogent, and, in reality, now not realizing the language, he used to be not often powerfuble to pass judgement on. yet, whether he have been correct, others can be in a unique place. Dr. Legge was once might be extra lucky or extra talented than most folks and had an intensive mastery of chinese language on the time whilst St. Julien wrote to him. those that locate chinese language tougher have a propensity to think about the Manchu translations an exceptional support.
This grammar being meant for the sensible goal of guiding the scholar in...
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Listen to/Read WIR GEHEN ESSEN. • Listen to/Read NEW WORDS. Learn the easy ones. DayTwo • Repeat the dialogue. Learn the barder NEW WORDS. • Cut out the FLASH WORDS to help you. Day Three • Learn all NEW WORDS until you know them well. • Read and learn GOOD NEWS GRAMMAR. Day four • Cut out and learn the 10 FLASH SENTENCES. • Listen to/Read LEARN B Y HEART. Day Five • Read SAY IT SIMPLY. • Listen to/Read LET' S SPEAK GERMAN. DaySix • Listen to/Read SPOT THE KEYS. • Translate TEST YOUR PROGRESS.
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