By W. South Coblin
‘Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest type of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it truly is named after its writer, an excellent thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. ‘Phags-pa’s invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language continues to be a very very important accomplishment, either conceptually and essentially. With it he completed not anything under the construction of a unified script for all the various peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the valuable Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.‘Phags-pa is of huge significance for the learn of premodern chinese language phonology. in spite of the fact that, the script is tough to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply received. the current e-book is meant as a pragmatic advent to ‘Phags-pa chinese language reviews and a consultant for examining and examining the script. It includes components. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this can be by way of a word list of ‘Phags-pa chinese language types and their corresponding chinese language characters, including p?ny?n and stroke order indexes to these characters. the 1st introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the ‘Phags-pa writing procedure, summarizes the most important different types of fabric preserved in it, and describes the historic and linguistic contexts within which this invention happened. Following chapters element the heritage of ‘Phags-pa reviews, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient good points of the underlying sound method represented by way of the script, evaluating it with these of varied later types of chinese language which have been recorded in alphabetic sources.A guide of ‘Phags-pa chinese language should be of precise curiosity to chinese language ancient phonologists and students thinking about the background and tradition of China and relevant Asia throughout the Yuan interval (1279–1368 A.D.).
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Extra resources for A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series)
In summary, then, though we are sadly lacking in hard evidence on the matter, there do not seem to be any strong a priori grounds for assuming marked differences between the standard languages of north and south China during the JIn-Southern Song period. 3. The Mongol Period. The Mongol period brings us at last to the crucial historical stage for the development of 'Phags-pa Chinese. Our principal sources for it are Rachewiltz (1966), Allsen (1994), and Rossabi (1994). For the history of the city of Dadu, we rely primarily on Lr (1981) and BeijIng daxue lishrxl (1985).
LOWe are grateful to Professor Shen for providing information on these unpublished works. 31 III Analysis and Interpretation of the 'Phags-pa Alphabet The analysis and interpretation of the 'Phags-pa alphabet involves four different but interrelated issues. Of these, the one about which there is the most agreement is the mechanical functioning of the script. The second area comprises the basic assumptions of the investigator about the historical and sociolinguistic nature of the underlying language.
However, it seems virtually certain that at that time many speakers from various areas of north China did not make the distinction when speaking the koine. Again, the fit between an established standard pronunciation system and the spoken realization of that system can be imperfect for many, and in some cases perhaps even the majority, of speakers. But the speakers themselves do not recognize this as an inconsistency, and they do not view such imperfect fits as flaws in need of correction. This principle must be kept in mind when we interpret the 'Phags-pa script.