By Léon Werth
A infrequent eyewitness account by means of a massive writer of fleeing the Nazis’ march on Paris in 1940, that includes a never-before-published advent via Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.
In June of 1940, Leon Werth and his spouse fled Paris prior to the advancing Nazis Army. 33 Days is his eyewitness account of that have, one of many greatest civilian dispacements in history.
inspired to jot down 33 Days by his pricey good friend, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, writer of The Little Prince, Werth entire the manuscript whereas in hiding within the Jura mountains.
Saint-Exupéry smuggled the manuscript out of Nazi-occupied France, wrote an advent to the paintings and organized for its e-book within the usa by way of Brentanos. however the book by no means got here to cross, and Werth’s manuscript may disappear for greater than fifty years till the 1st French variation, in 1992. It has when you consider that turn into required interpreting in French schools.
This, the first-ever English language translation of 33 Days, contains Saint-Exupéry’s unique creation for the e-book, lengthy regarded as misplaced. it really is provided it the following for the 1st time in any language. After greater than seventy years, 33 Days appears—complete and because it was once absolutely meant.
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Extra info for 33 Days: A Memoir
German casualties were again high. 30 Following the battles of Artois and Flanders, which saw collapse of the Belgians and the withdrawal of the British, the new operation to destroy all remaining allied forces in France was launched; it was codenamed Fall Rot (Operation Red). 31 By the 4 June 1940, the bulk of the British Expeditionary Force had been forced to withdraw from Dunkirk. However, even with the British now out of the picture, there was nonetheless still plenty of hard fighting to come against the remaining French armies which were still intact and determined to defend their homeland.
Barbarossa was therefore always more than just a military campaign, it was a battle of ideologies between National Socialism and Communism to establish a new world order in Europe. During operations in the east the Waffen-SS grew rapidly from just six divisions comprising 160,000 men at the start of Barbarossa until, by the end of the war, it was a huge force of 38 combat divisions comprising over 950,000 men. Distinctive uniforms, strict Germanic racial requirements and patronage under the wing of two leading Nazi benefactors, Heinrich Himmler, one of the post powerful men in the Third Reich, and, of course, the Führer himself, marked the Waffen-SS as a favoured formation.
Over 3 million German troops and half a million of its allies attacked across an 1,800 mile front in three massive army groups. The Wehrmacht was accompanied by six Waffen-SS Divisions. Army Group North advanced through the Baltic States and on to Leningrad, it contained three Waffen-SS Divisions; Totenkopf, Polizei and Nord. Army Group Centre headed to Moscow with Das Reich. Leibstandarte and Wiking were with Army Group South and drove towards Ukraine and Kiev. Motorcycles of the Wiking Division scout ahead of the Panzers.